Qaeda plotted cyanide attack on NY
YORK, June 18: Terror network al Qaeda had planned
to attack the New York City subway system by releasing
poisonous gas similar to the one used in Nazi death
camps shortly before the US-led strikes in Iraq, a
media report said.
federal and local counter-terrorism officials, it said,
the plot was, however, called off at the last minute
by Al Qaeda's second top boss Ayman al-Zawahiri for
reasons that remain unclear, a news magazine said. Details
of the purported cyanide plot, it said are given in
author Ron Suskind book The One Per cent Doctrine ,
to be published on June 20.
magazine quoted a source familiar with the book's contents
as saying that American authorities first learned about
the cyanide plot from an informant inside Al Qaeda known
initial intelligence about the subway plot was shared
rapidly with local authorities in New York, including
the New York Police Department, even though a public
announcement was not made at the time, both a local
and a federal official familiar with the plot were quoted
as saying. Spokesmen for the NYPD and FBI, the report
said, declined to comment.
CIA had no immediate comment. Suskind reports that in
the spring of 2003, officials learned, apparently via
Ali, that the Al Qaeda team was 45 days away from launching
an attack on the New York subway system with a lethal
gas similar to the one used in Nazi death camps in the
weeks ahead of the US-led attacks on Iraq.
to the book, Ali fed Washington critical information
about Al Qaeda between late 2002 and early 2005, until
U.S. officials decided that it was too dangerous to
the informant to continue to use his reporting.
few weeks earlier, US intelligence had discovered that
Al Qaeda had invented an improvised cyanide delivery
system that the terrorists had dubbed mubtakkar, which
Suskind says is an Arabic word for "inventive."
The deadly device comprised two separate chambers for
sodium cyanide and a stable source of hydrogen, such
as hydrogen acid.
seal between the two chambers could be broken by a remote
trigger, producing the toxic gas for dispersal, the
report said. The attack was never launched, Suskind
says, because Zawahiri, the principal deputy to Osama
bin Laden, decided to call it off. Zawahiri remains
at large and is believed to be with bin Laden.
book claims that the terror cell responsible for the
aborted attack remains at large inside the US. One former
and two current U.S. counter-terrorism officials, whom
Newsweek did not identify, are reported to have confirmed
the existence of intelligence information about the
alleged cyanide plot and the existence of mubtakkar,
the makeshift cyanide bomb.
of the officials said that the device was actually quite
primitive put together with beer cans and soda bottles.
Still, the officials say, models of the device built
from Al Qaeda designs by U.S. authorities appeared to
weapon was not regarded as the type of device that could
cause large-scale, 9/11-style carnage, the officials
told the magazine. But if set off in a crowded theater
or arena was capable of killing hundreds of people.
the officials said US intelligence was still not certain
why the attack had been cancelled, one former official
was quoted as saying that some feared that Zawahiri
had cancelled the subway attack because Al Qaeda was
planning something even more deadly and spectacular
inside the US, an event that, if planned, so far has
said U.S. officials declined to confirm although they
did not deny Suskind's reporting about the American
source inside al-Qaeda known as Ali. On one key point,
however, current and former officials familiar with
the threat disputed Suskind's account, the magazine
officials said there was no reason to believe that the
Al Qaeda team assigned to the attack was still on the
loose somewhere inside the United States. In fact, Newsweek
sources said, most officials believe the team had exited
American borders. According to the source familiar with
his book, Suskind also reports that Al Qaeda leader
Abu Zubaydah, who was seriously wounded during the U.S.
operation that led to his capture in March 2002, was
carefully nursed back to good health by doctors flown
into Pakistan by the CIA.
quotes a CIA official as saying "he received the
finest medical attention on the planet. "We got
him in very good health so we could start to torture
him." Current and former U.S. officials familiar
with the Abu Zubaydah story said they could not confirm
this quote, the magazine said.
magazine said the source familiar with the book's content
said the title 'The One Per cent Doctrine,' is based
on a statement Vice President Dick Cheney made during
a CIA briefing in November 2001, at which he reportedly
said "if there's a one per cent chance" that
Al Qaeda could acquire weapons of mass destruction,
then the U.S. government needs "to treat it as
a certainty." On the subject of WMD, Suskind says
in the book that the Indonesian Al Qaeda leader known
as Hambali, who was captured in 2003, had told interrogators
that the terror network had succeeded in producing a
virulent strain of anthrax before the September 11 attacks.
the autumn of 2003, Suskind said, U.S. forces in Afghanistan
found a sample of the deadly pathogen. Other potentially
controversial allegations in Suskind's book include
a report that the FBI set up an operations center with
the company that owns Western Union.
center was designed to provide Israel with real-time
intelligence about the activities of terrorists in the
West Bank and Gaza, some of whom subsequently may have
been killed by Israeli security forces. Suskind also
reports that during their interrogation of 9/11 mastermind
Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, captured in the spring of 2003,
CIA officials threatened to harm the alleged terror
ring-leader's seven-year-old and nine-year-old children
if he didn't cooperate. One former senior US intelligence
official, however, said he had never heard such an allegation
and was not sure it was true, Newsweek reported.
and Iraqi forces to mount crackdown
June 14: Thousands of Iraqi and U.S.-led forces prepared
to mount a major security crackdown in violent Baghdad
on Wednesday, hours after a surprise visit by President
George Bush to try to bolster Iraq's
Bush talked to Iraqi leaders in Baghdad's heavily fortified
Green Zone on Tuesday, a Web statement said al Qaeda's
new leader in Iraq had vowed to avenge the killing of
his predecessor Abu Musab al-Zarqawi in a U.S. air strike
last week. "The day of vengeance is near and your
strong towers in the Green Zone will not protect you,"
said the statement, posted on an Internet site often
used by Islamist militants and signed by the new leader
Abu Hamza al-Muhajir.
and Iraqi officials have hailed the killing of Zarqawi,
a Sunni Arab like most guerrillas in Iraq, as a major
blow to al Qaeda militants seeking to topple the Shi'ite-led
government, while cautioning it will not bring an early
end to bloodshed. "There are going to be tough
days ahead, and more sacrifice for Americans, as well
as Iraqis," Bush told U.S. troops. "Our military
will stay on the offensive. We will continue to hunt
down people like Mr. Zarqawi, and bring them to justice,"
he said to applause.
least 14 people were killed in a series of bombings
in the northern city of Kirkuk on Tuesday. U.S. and
Iraqi military commanders say they are focusing their
new security campaign on the capital Baghdad, a city
of seven million people and scene of daily carnage.
Iraqi officials said more than 40,000 Iraqi and U.S.-led
forces backed by tanks and armored vehicles would take
part in the mission, in what would be one of the biggest
such operations since the U.S.-led invasion in 2003.
"It is an operation to step up pressure on al Qaeda
in Baghdad," national security adviser Mowaffaq
al-Rubaie told state television.
clampdown would include increased checkpoints and patrols,
focusing on the dangerous, mostly Sunni Dora and Adhamiya
districts. Insurgents draw support from Iraq's minority
Sunni community, once dominant under Saddam
70 lawmakers at Capitol Hill reception
May 17: In a rare show of bi-partisan support for the
US-India civil nuclear deal, more than 70 lawmakers
from both houses of the US Congress attended a reception
on the Capitol Hill hosted on May 17 by New York hotelier
Sant Singh Chatwal.
lawmakers interacted with chief guest Subhash Chandra,
chairman of Zee TV, who along with Chatwal and Atlanta
hotelier Mike Patel made a compelling case as to why
the nuclear deal was important in the larger economic
interests of both the countries and to furthering bilateral
lobbied the lawmakers, saying the passing of the US-India
civil nuclear deal was pivotal to sustain India's burgeoning
economy and its special energy needs. He pointed out
that if India continues to consume traditional energy
resources at current pace, it could soon adversely impact
international oil and energy prices and cripple the
economies of many developing countries. Such a scenario
could hit the US economy as well global economic growth
and result in the US having to spend an additional $500
billion annually in sustaining higher energy costs.
The US-India civil nuclear deal, he said, would also
spawn many business opportunities in India for several
US energy companies.
the presence of large numbers of Senators and Representatives
reaffirmed wide bi-partisan support for the civil nuclear
deal in both houses of the Congress, the lobbying efforts
are far from over. Some lawmakers said they were watching
the developments closely and hoped whatever reservations
they had about the deal would be dealt with positively
during such interactions with business leaders from
both countries and their colleagues on the Capitol.
lawmakers made their points in support of the deal and
largely acknowledged that the civil nuclear deal will
help both India and the US prosper, sustaining the global
economy its growth. They called on their colleagues,
many of whom have traveled to India on several occasions
before and after President Bush's historic India visit,
to support the nuclear cooperation agreement.
the notable senators at the reception were: John Kerry
(D-MA); Joe Biden (D-DE); Charles Schumer (D-NY); Hillary
Clinton (D-NY); John Cornyn (R-TX) and Lamar Alexander
(D-TN). The House of Representatives was represented,
among others, by Joseph Crowley (D-NY); Joe Wilson (R-SC);
Roy Blunt (R-MO); Nancy Pelosi (D-CA); Steny Hoyer (D-MD).
letter to Bush criticizes US Govt
YORK, May 9: Iran's president declared in a letter to
President Bush that democracy had failed worldwide and
lamented "an ever-increasing global hatred"
of the U.S. government. Secretary of State Condoleezza
Rice swiftly rejected the letter, saying it made no
progress toward resolving questions about Tehran's suspect
letter is not the place that one would find an opening
to engage on the nuclear issue or anything of the sort,"
Rice said. "It isn't addressing the issues that
we're dealing with in a concrete way."
comments were the most detailed response from the United
States to the letter, the first from an Iranian head
of state to an American president since the 1979 hostage
crisis at the U.S. Embassy in Tehran.
The letter from President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad made only
an oblique reference to Iran's nuclear intentions. It
asked why "any technological and scientific achievement
reached in the Middle East region is translated into
and portrayed as a threat to the Zionist regime."
it lambasted Bush for his handling of the Sept. 11 attacks,
accused the media of spreading lies about the Iraq war
and railed against the United States for its support
of Israel. It questioned whether the world would be
a different place if the money spent on Iraq had been
spent to fight poverty. "Would not your administration's
political and economic standing have been stronger?"
the letter said. "And I am most sorry to say, would
there have been an ever- increasing global hatred of
the American government?
top nuclear negotiator called the surprise letter a
new "diplomatic opening" between the two countries,
but Rice said it failed to resolve the dispute over
the Iranian nuclear program - the focus of intense U.N.
Security Council debate this week. White House press
secretary Scott McClellan said Bush had been briefed
on the letter, which the White House received Monday
through the Swiss Embassy in Tehran.
"There's nothing in here that would suggest that
we're on any different course than we were before we
got the letter," Rice said.
though the letter hardly touched on nuclear issues,
officials said it appeared timed with a push by the
United States, Britain, France and Germany for a Security
Council vote to restrain the Islamic regime's nuclear
ambitions. Both China and Russia are opposed to leveling
sanctions against Iran and the letter could provide
who said she expected no quick action on sanctions,
met privately for more than two hours Monday night on
Iran with foreign ministers from the other permanent
members of the council. Her spokesman gave no details
of the substance of the discussions, but described the
talks as strategic and not focused on specific steps.
United States is concerned that Iran's program is a
cover for making nuclear weapons, while Iran contends
it has the right to process uranium as fuel in nuclear
reactors to generate electricity. In the letter, Ahmadinejad
says that people around the world have lost faith in
international institutions and questions whether the
Bush administration has covered up some evidence surrounding
the Sept. 11 attacks.
NASA, ISRO sign up for historic
May 9: The space agencies of India and the US on Tuesday
signed a historic agreement to send two American advanced
scientific instruments on board Chandrayaan-I, India's
first moon mission, in 2008.
Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) administrator
Michael Griffin and Indian Space Research Organisation
(ISRO) chairperson G. Madhavan Nair signed the memorandum
of understanding (MoU) at the Indian space agency's
satellite application centre.
two NASA instruments, to be part of the Chandrayaan
payloads, are mini synthetic aperture radar (Mini SAR)
and moon mineralogy mapper (M3). Mini SAR was developed
by the Applied Physics Laboratory of Johns Hopkins University
and funded by NASA, while M3 was jointly built by Brown
University and Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) of NASA.
objective of SAR is to detect water in the permanently
shadowed areas of lunar polar regions, while M3 will
map the minerals on the lunar surface and study its
characterisation,' Nair told reporters.
will be launched from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre
(SDSC) at Sriharikota off the Andhra coast, using an
advanced polar satellite launch vehicle (PSLV), into
a 240-24,000 km earth orbit and placed subsequently
in a 100-km polar orbit around the moon, with its own
the agreement as one of the most important milestones
between ISRO and NASA, Nair said the inclusion of the
US instruments added fillip to Indo-US cooperation in
space, which dates back to the beginning of the Indian
look forward to several more such cooperative missions
as we have always believed in achieving more together.
With significant advancements in astronautics, it is
advantageous to share each other's capabilities and
the resulting scientific outputs,' Nair said.
the NASA payload, Chandrayaan will carry four instruments
of the European Space Agency (ESA) and one from the
Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. In addition, the lunar
spacecraft will have Indian payloads to conduct various
experiments while orbiting the moon for over two years.
In all, Chandrayaan will carry a total of 12 instruments,
including five from ISRO, four from ESA, two from NASA
and one from Bulgaria.
is honoured to be a participant in the Indian lunar
mission, being conducted about 40 years after humans
saw the moon up close for the first time. It will greatly
advance the understanding of our closest neighbour in
space and represents an impressive technical achievement,'
Griffin said in his remarks.
mapping the lunar surface, Chandrayaan will investigate
its surface properties to advance knowledge about the
moon's history and evolution and facilitate future exploration
decisions by characterising the content of lunar soil.
from expanding the scientific knowledge of the Indian
space scientists about moon, the two-year mission will
upgrade India's technological capability and provide
opportunities for planetary research for the younger
generation,' Griffin pointed out.
Indian payloads include a terrain mapping camera (TMC),
a hyper spectral imager (HySI), a high-energy X-ray
spectrometer (HEX), a lunar laser ranging instrument
(LLRI) and a moon impact probe (MIP).
ESA and Bulgarian payloads will be an imaging X-ray
spectrometer (CIXS) from Rutherford Appleton Laboratory
(UK), near infra-red spectrometer (SIR-2) from Max Planck
Institute (Germany), sub keV atom reflecting analyser
(SARA0 from the Swedish Institute of Space Physics and
a radiation dose monitor (RANDOM) from the Bulgarian
Academy of Sciences
says US could pressure Iran outside UN
May 1: Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice warned on
Sunday the United States might take steps outside the
U.N. Security Council to pressure Iran to stop its nuclear
who appeared on several Sunday television talk shows,
said Washington still had a number of diplomatic steps
it could take through the U.N. Security Council against
Iran. However, if the Council did not act quickly enough,
Washington and its allies would not wait.
absolutely believe that we have a lot of diplomatic
arrows in our quiver at the Security Council and also
like-minded states that would be able and willing to
look at additional measures if the Security Council
does not move quickly enough," Rice said on the
CBS show Face the Nation.
accused Iran of "playing games" with the international
community, saying Tehran had had plenty of time to comply
with earlier demands to halt its program. The
United States contends that Iran is working to develop
nuclear weapons, but Tehran says its program is purely
to meet civil energy needs.
United States, Britain and France want to introduce
a new Security Council resolution which would require
Tehran to abandon uranium enrichment. The International
Atomic Energy Agency reported last week that Tehran
had defied an earlier Security Council deadline to halt
its enrichment program.
new resolution would invoke Chapter VII of the U.N.
Charter, making compliance mandatory and punishable
by sanctions if violated. However, the United States
still has to overcome veto threats by Russia and China
to get such a resolution through the Council.
renewed its defiant stance on Sunday, vowing to ignore
any such resolution and to strike back if attacked.
Earlier, Iran's Foreign Ministry spokesman, Hamid Reza
Asefi, had suggested there could be still be room to
consider a proposal to move Iran's enrichment work to
its defiance, Rice said Iran was trying to avoid international
isolation. She disputed an assessment by her predecessor
as secretary of state, Colin Powell, who said in an
interview in London that Iran appeared willing to accept
sanctions to continue its atomic program. "When
the Iranians say things like, 'We don't care if there
are sanctions,' then I ask myself, then why are they
working so hard to stay out of the Security Council?"
Rice said on CBS.
Oil Minister Mohammad Hadi Nejad-Hosseinian on Sunday
said there was little risk of sanctions on Iran's energy
sector while oil prices flirt with record highs. But
Rice said no one was considering oil or gas sanctions,
adding that there were other options.
crisis: Rice confident of diplomatic solution
April 20: US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice has
expressed confidence that a diplomatic solution will
be found to the Iranian nuclear crisis, but warned that
military options remain on the table and that Washington
will not necessarily wait for an international consensus.
believe we can make the diplomacy work," Rice said
on Wednesday. "And long before we get to the point
that we have to contemplate diplomacy failing I believe
we have options at our disposal."
said the United States is working to unify the international
community in its goal of persuade the Iranians to cease
enriching uranium which could be used in a nuclear bomb.
She said the UN Security Council had a number of diplomatic
options at its disposal, but warned that the United
States could chose to act alone or with a coalition
if the crisis is not resolved through the United Nations.
right to self-defence does not necessarily require a
UN Security Council resolution," Rice said, noting
that the United States went to war in the Balkans without
one. "It is important to note that the president
doesn't take any options off the table," Rice said.
"We are prepared to use measures at our disposal-
political, economic or others to persuade Iran."
said that Iran is not Iraq, and that "the remedies
before us are quite robust." The UN Security Council
has given Iran until April 28 to halt uranium enrichment
or face unspecified consequences.
Calls for 'Strong Steps' Against Iran
April 12: Denouncing Iran's successful enrichment of
uranium as unacceptable to the international community,
Secretary of State Conodoleezza Rice said Wednesday
the UN Security Council must consider "strong steps"
to induce Tehran to change course.
also telephoned Mohamed ElBaradei, the head of the International
Atomic Energy Agency, to ask him to reinforce demands
that Iran comply with its nonproliferation requirements
when he holds talks in Tehran on Friday.
Rice took a strong line, she did not call for an emergency
meeting of the Council, saying it should consider action
after receiving an IAEA report by April 28. She did
not elaborate on what measures the United States would
support, but economic and political sanctions are under
President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, announcing on Tuesday
that his country had crossed the line into enrichment,
said Iran's objectives were peaceful. Iran is said by
many analysts to lack the equipment, including a nuclear
reactor, to make nuclear weapons. But Rice brushed aside
suggestions Iran was far from the goal the United States
and its allies suspect - nuclear weaponry.
said the world believes Iran has the capacity and the
technology that lead to nuclear weapons. "The Security
Counil will need to take into consideration this move
by Iran," she said. "It will be time when
it reconvenes on this case for strong steps to make
certain that we maintrain the credibility of the itnernational
is not a question of Iran's right to civil nuclear power,"
she said while greeting President Teodoro Obiang Nguema
Moasogo of Equatorial Guinea. "This is a question
of, ... the world does not believe that Iran should
have the capability and the tehnology that could lead
to a nuclear weapon." White
House spokesman Scott McClellan said Tuesday, "Defiant
statements and actions only further isolate the regime
from the rest of the world."
is a regime that needs to be building confidence with
the international community," McClellan said. "Instead,
they're moving in the wrong direction. This is a regime
that has a long history of hiding its nuclear activities
from the international community, and refusing to comply
with its international obligations."
the Pentagon, Secretary of Defense Donald H. Rumsfeld
said he would not engage in "fantasy land"
speculation about a possible U.S. attack on Iran, though
he said the administration was concerned about Tehran's
nuclear ambitions. "The United States of America
is on a diplomatic track," Rumsfeld said.
rejects US demand to define N-deterrent
DELHI, April 8: India has categorically rejecting US
suggestion to define its credible minimum nuclear deterrent
and added that it had no obligation to do so.
spokesman of the Ministry of External Affairs said "credible
minimum deterrent is a self-explanatory term that requires
no further elucidation. It reflects our response to
a dynamic and changing security environment. We note
that at a recent US Congressional hearing, US Secretary
of State Rice herself noted that the Indian strategic
programme is more a factor of the military and political
factors which India confronts."
was responding to a speech by the visiting US Assistant
Secretary for South and Central Asian Affairs, Mr Richard
Boucher, who is quoted as stating that "we have
pushed for India to further define its 'minimum credible
deterrent' in the nuclear field, contending that it
was "absolutely necessary" for decreasing
tensions in Asia".
an interview to a private news channel, the Foreign
Secretary, Mr Shyam Saram, also said "What our
credible minimum deterrent would be is really for India
to decide." Mr
Saran said "Certainly there is no responsibility
on part of India to declare what its minimum deterrent
is," and added New Delhi had, on various occasions
pointed out this to the US.
Saran, who met Mr Boucher on Friday, said the US official
had not raised this issue with him. "We have a
strategic dialogue with the US where we have agreed
to exchange views on our respective nuclear doctrines
as well as issues like missile defence," he said.
the Bush Administration's contention that it was pushing
India and Pakistan for moratorium on missile tests,
he said New Delhi's position was that it would work
with Washington in the conference on disarmament in
Geneva on a multilateral Fissile Material Cut-off Treaty
has been under discussion in Geneva for several years
and India has been an active participant in these negotiations,
said the Foreign Secretary, adding "we are prepared
to take part in those negotiations." He, however,
made it clear that the FMCT that India is talking about
is a multilateral instrument.
Foreign Secretary also said that the Indo-US deal was
"delicately balanced" and made it clear that
"substantial changes" or "revisions"
to it were unacceptable to India and hoped the new US
legislation to implement it would be framed within already
debunked apprehensions of the deal damaging credibility
of India's nuclear deterrent and said "we have
preserved all our basic positions". He said "I
see no reason why there should be anxieties that we
are always vulnerable to pressure."
absolutely not. 100 per cent no," he shot back
on whether India's defence security has been sacrificed
in finalising the agreement on civilian nuclear energy
Saran, who recently returned after talks with the Bush
Administration on implementation of the agreement, said
"it is very important to remember that whatever
we have agreed upon is the result of very, very difficult,
very tough negotiations.
we have at this point of time is an extremely carefully,
delicately balanced understanding. Whatever legislation
that is passed must remain within those parameters".
Foreign Secretary, who met several American lawmakers
in Washington, said he expressed the "strong hope"
that "revisions will not be made" and there
will be "no substantial changes".
that India has done "rather well" in the negotiations,
he said "we have preserved all our basic positions.
We have preserved our basic interests". "Why
are we always so worried about screws being tightened
on us....as if someone can come and turn the screws
on us and we just lie back and be screwed," he
concerns voiced by former Prime Minister Atal Bihari
Vajpayee who demanded that India should try to get an
all time waiver from Washington as was the case with
China, he said there was a "factual problem"
in this contention. He said while China is a nuclear
weapon state under the NPT this is not so in India's
asked how India would respond if China and Pakistan
carried out nuclear tests, Mr Saran said under the agreement,
India's decision on a moratorium on further testing
remains but there was no mention of any "permanent
said India had taken a very conscious decision of undertaking
nuclear tests in 1998 on the ground that it was important
to take the step despite knowing what would happen (like
imposition of sanctions). "In the future, it will
be exactly the same".
that he had received a "chilly reception"
from Congressmen and Senators during his Washington
trip, Saran said all of them agreed that the nuclear
deal was an important element of the emerging Indo-US
relations. The American lawmakers said they were questions
that needed to be answered.
pitches for Indo-US nuclear deal before Congress
April 6: Pitching vigorously for US Congress support for
the nuclear deal with India, Secretary of State Condoleezza
Rice said it strengthens international security and non-proliferation
regimes and advances America's business opportunities.
before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee she said
the past non-proliferation policies of the US did not
achieve the goals as they resulted in a more isolated
civilian energy initiative will not only advance international
security but also increased energy security and increased
business opportunities for America leading to more direct
and indirect jobs in this country. "But all these
advantages will have to be seen in the larger context
of the elevation of India-United States relationship which
is now a strategic partnership," Rice maintained
appearing before the panel chaired by Republican Senator
stressed that the civilian nuclear energy agreement with
India is a strategic achievement that is "good for
America, good for India and good for the international
community. "Continued isolation of our strategic
partner is the wrong policy choice", she said in
her presentation on the deal reached between Prime Minister
Manmohan Singh and President George W Bush last July in
Washington and further fine-tuned last month in New Delhi.
top administration official came before the senate panel
to strongly endorse the legislation currently in Congress
seeking changes to the 1954 Atomic Energy Act that will
formalize the bilateral accord.
Edward Kennedy coming to India
DELHI, April 5: At least a dozen US policymakers and legislators,
including Senator Edward Kennedy, will be coming to India
in the next two weeks to underscore the point that there
is more to the India-US relations than just nuclear power.
Assistant Secretary of State for South and Central Asian
Affairs Richard Boucher kicks off a busy month for India-US
bonhomie with a three-day visit starting April 6. He will
discuss an entire gamut of bilateral relations, including
the nuclear deal, and regional issues with S. Jaishankar,
joint ministry (Americas) in the external affairs ministry.
after Boucher leaves India, Chuck Hagel, a Republican
senator from Nebraska, will be here April 9 and also visit
Mumbai. Hagel, a member of many key senate committees,
including the one on near eastern and south Asian Affairs,
could be influential in shaping Congressional opinion
on the nuclear deal.
eight-member delegation from the House of Representatives
headed by House Speaker Dennis Hastert will come here
around the same time and also visit Agra and Jaipur. This
delegation includes legislators representing an eclectic
set of interests, including business, science and agriculture
and their opinion will matter in influencing the future
course of the India-US ties.
Congressional delegation led by Michael Enzi, a Republican
senator from Wyoming and Senator Edward Kennedy, a prominent
Democrat from Massachusetts, will be coming to India on
a week-long visit starting April 11. US education secretary
Margaret Spellings will also be accompanying the delegation.
Issues like education and cooperation in health areas,
including the fight against AIDS, are high on the agenda
of this delegation, which will also go to Bangalore and
all spheres of India-US relations ranging from agriculture
and public health to science, high technology and energy
security will be discussed, the visit of Congressmen in
such large numbers will come in handy for New Delhi's
efforts to mobilize widest possible support for the nuclear
deal, which has yet to get an enthusiastic response on
visit of Kennedy, a respected figure of the liberal, Democrat
establishment, will be especially useful to gain an insight
into the Democrats' objections to the deal. A good report
card by Kennedy can help win the support of more Democrats
when the draft legislation on the nuclear deal is debated
in the Congress.
to replace Card as Chief of Staff
March 29: White House chief of staff Andy Card has resigned
and will be replaced by budget director Joshua Bolten,
President Bush announced Tuesday amid growing calls for
a White House shakeup and Republican concern about Bush's
tumbling poll ratings.
Bush announced the changes in an nationally broadcast
appearance in the Oval Office. "I have relied on
Andy's wise counsel, his calm in crisis, his absolute
integrity and his tireless commitment to public service,"
Bush said. "The next three years will demand much
of those who serve our country. We have a global war to
fight and win."
58, stood stoically with his hands by his sides as Bush
lauded his years of service through the Sept. 11 attacks,
war and legislative and economic challenges. Gripping
the podium, Card said in his farewell: "You're a
good man, Mr. President." Card's eyes were watery.
Card said he looks forward to just being Bush's friend.
Bush then gave him five quick slaps on the back and the
two walked out of the Oval Office together.
president called Bolten, 51, a man with broad experience,
both on Wall Street and in Washington, including the last
three years as director of the Office of Management and
Alarmed by Bush's declining approval ratings and unhappiness
about the war in Iraq,
Republicans have been urging the president to bring in
new advisers with fresh ideas and energy. Bolten has been
with Bush since his first campaign for the White House.
There was no immediate indication of other changes afoot.
Americans appreciate Jindal's $1 mn donation
Indian Americans have welcomed business conglomerate Jindal
Group's one million US dollar donation to an NRI community
centre in Houston saying that the gesture could initiate
a new trend of economic synergy in the country.
philanthropic gesture, first of its kind from a major Indian
business house, is believed by many NRIs to kickstart a
new era of community service in the United States.
donation... may rope in more business houses to get engaged
in such services across," India House board president
and a key player behind the President George W Bush's India
trip, Durga Agarwal said.
USD 20 million community center promoted Indian culture
besides providing social, health care and referral services
for everyone - regardless of their ethnicity.
immigration bill seeks to double H1-B visas
March 14: US Congress is likely to take up a giant immigration
bill this month, which recommends nearly doubling the number
of H-1B skilled-worker temporary visas to 115,000.
measures include not just increasing the number of visas
but also add an option of raising the cap 20 per cent more
each year. If passed, the provisions buried in the Senate's
giant immigration bill, would open the country's doors to
highly skilled immigrants for science, math, technology
and engineering jobs.
provisions were sought by Silicon Valley tech companies
and enjoy significant bipartisan support amid concern that
the United States might lose its lead in technology. They
would broaden avenues to legal immigration for foreign tech
workers and would put those with advanced degrees on an
automatic path to permanent residence should they want it,
the San Francisco Chronicle reported.
visas were highly controversial in the Bay Area when their
numbers reached a peak of 195,000 in 2003. The new skilled
immigration measures are part of a controversial 300-page
bill by Senate Judiciary Committee Chairman Arlen Specter,
R-Pa, now being rewritten by the committee with the goal
of reaching the Senate floor by the end of the month.
provisions include a new F-4 visa category for students
pursuing advanced degrees in science, technology, engineering
or mathematics. These students would be granted permanent
residence if they find a job in their field and pay a $1,000
fee toward scholarships and training of US workers.
had increased the visas during the late 1990s dot-com boom,
when Silicon Valley complained of tech-worker shortages,
although native-born engineers complained that their wages
were undermined by cheap labour from India and China.
the tech crash and the revelation that some of the September
11, 2001, hijackers had entered the country on student visas,
the political climate for foreign workers darkened, and
Congress quietly allowed the number of H-1B visas to plummet
back to 65,000 a year.
cap was reached in August -- in effect turning off the tap
of the visas for 14 months. A special exemption of 20,000
visas for workers with advanced degrees was reached in January.
in a bad crunch right now," said Laura Reiff, head
of the Essential Worker Immigration Coalition, a business
umbrella group backing more immigration. "We are totally
jammed on immigrant visas, the green card category, and
totally jammed on H-1B visas. You can't bring in tech workers
provisions for highly skilled workers enjoy support in both
parties in the Senate and in the Bush administration after
a raft of high-profile studies have warned that the United
States is not producing enough math and science students
and is in danger of losing its global edge in innovation
to India and China. However, opponents of broadening immigration
for skilled workers said doing so would defeat efforts to
get more Americans interested in science, math, engineering
and other technological fields.
problem with India-Iran gas pipeline: Bush
March 4: President George W Bush on Saturday said US has
no problem with India-Pakistan-Iran gas pipeline but with
Tehran's nuclear ambitions.
beef with Iran is not the pipeline. Our beef with Iran is
the fact that they want to develop nuclear weapons. I believe
a nuclear weapon in the hands of the Iranians would be very
dangerous for all of us. It would endanger world peace,"
he told a joint press conference here.
we are working very hard to convince the Iranians to get
rid of their nuclear ambitions," Bush, standing by
the side of Pakistan President Pervez Musharraf, said. Pakistan
has got the energy needs to meet the growing economy. He
(Musharraf) explained the natural gas situation in the country.
We understand you need to get natural gas, that is fine,"
has been unwilling to share nuclear technology with Pakistan
in the backdrop of the clandestine export of nuclear technology
by its top nuclear scientist AQ Khan. Bush said US Secretary
of Energy Sam Barmier would visit Pakistan separately to
discuss Pakistan's needs in this regard. It is expected
that Barmier would look for assisting Pakistan in exploring
natural gas resources within Pakistan. Musharraf recently
said that US should provide alternative sources of energy
to Pakistan if Islamabad has to give up the pipeline.
win war on terror together: Bush
By Deepak Arora
DELHI, March 3: The US President, Mr George Bush, has said
that America and India were allies in the war against terror.
Addressing the people of India from the ramparts of Purana
Quila, a historic fort, here on Friday, Mr Bush said both
India and America espouse and love freedom and "we
will fight together to keep it alive in the world."
a clear message to the world, he said "we will win
this war against terror together." And he added "they
target democracies because they think we are weak and they
think we can be frightened into retreat. The terrorists
have misunderstood our countries. America and India love
our freedom and we will fight to keep it.
Bush said the two nations were cooperating closely on critical
areas like bio terrorism and airport security and cyber
security. "Our military cooperation is stronger than
ever before. America and India are in this war together,
and we will win this war together." In the long run,
the President said the United States and India understand
that winning the war on terror requires changing the conditions
that give rise to terror.
shows us the way. From the East to West, we've seen that
only one force is powerful enough to replace hatred with
hope, and that is the force of human freedom. Free societies
do not harbor terrorists or breed resentment. Free societies
respect the rights of their citizens and their neighbors.
Free societies are peaceful societies."
your first Prime Minister, Prime Minister Nehru, once said:
"Evil flourishes far more in the shadows than in the
light of day." Together, Mr Bush said "America
and India will bring the light of freedom to the darkest
corners of our Earth."
Bush, who began has address stating "Namaste",
said India in the 21st century is a natural partner of the
United States because we are brothers in the cause of human
liberty. "The United States and India, separated by
half the globe, are closer than ever before, and the partnership
between our free nations has the power to transform the
newly warming US-India relations, Mr Bush said Americans
should not respond to this nation's exploding economy by
closing itself off to global trade. "The United States
will not give into the protectionists and lose these opportunities,"
he said. "For the sake of workers in both our countries,
America will trade with confidence."
that people lose jobs as a result of globalisation, he said,
"losing job is painful. My government is helping Americans
who have lost their jobs get new skills for new careers.
And we're helping to create millions of new jobs in both
our countries by embracing the opportunities of a global
Bush also asked India to continue to lift its caps on foreign
investment, to make its rules and regulations more transparent,
and to continue to lower its tariffs and open its markets
to American agricultural products, industrial goods and
India's importance in terms of business, he said the country
had a 300 million middle class market, more than the entire
population of the US. "If we make a product they want
at a reasonable price, it becomes viable. It will have a
market in India," he said, adding the people of America
should maintain their confidence about their future.
to the Indo-US civil nuclear deal clinched on Thursday,
Mr Bush said with this the two countries had "put behind"
themselves the Cold War and decided to "move forward
as strategic partners". India has been an "excellent
partner in non-proliferation" over the past decades,
he said, adding he would tell the American people that it
was "an important agreement to help deal with proliferation
out that nuclear energy was a clean fuel which did not affect
the environment; Bush said the deal would be helpful to
India to meet its electricity needs in a way that doesn't
pollute the environment.
his half-an-hour address, the US President touched upon
various issues, including global trade and the need for
ensuring the success of the Doha round of the WTO negotiations.
He said the world also needed India's leadership to open
up global markets. "The Doha Round of trade talks at
the World Trade Organization provides the greatest opportunity
to lift hundreds of millions of people out of poverty and
boost economic growth in both our countries."
said the United States has been pushing for an ambitious
agreement on services and manufacturing and agriculture.
"Prime Minister Singh and I share the goal of completing
the Doha Round by the end of this year, and we'll work together
to achieve this goal. By completing Doha we will help build
a world that lives in liberty, and trades in freedom, and
grows in prosperity, and America and India will lead the
encourage more travel and more contact between our people,
the President said the US intended to open a new consulate
in Hyderabad. "We'll also build a new state-of-the-art
American Center here in Delhi. By taking these steps we'll
continue to strengthen the ties between our two countries,
our two democracies."
US clinch 'historic' N-deal
DELHI, March 2: Path breaking, historic, successful. This
is how one can describe US President George W Bush's visit
to India in which the two countries concluded a momentous
and historic civil nuclear agreement that would have a "decisive
and positive influence" on the international global
agreement allows for India to receive long-withheld nuclear
technology and fuel in return for New Delhi presenting a
"mutually satisfactory" plan to separate its civilian
and nuclear programmes that will bring the former under
a joint press conference with the Prime Minister, Dr Manmohan
Singh, the US President, Mr George Bush, said India and
the United States have "concluded a historic agreement
on nuclear power. It is not an easy job for the Prime Minister
to achieve this agreement. I understand, it is not easy
for the American President to achieve the agreement."
he added, "It is a necessary agreement as long as it
helps both our peoples. I applaud your courage and your
leadership and looking forward to change decades of law
that will enable us to move forward on this important initiative."
to sources, 14 reactors would be put in the civilian category
that would bring them under permanent safeguards while eight
would remain in the military category. India prototype fast
breeder reactor that runs on indigenously found thorium
would remain out of the safeguard purview, something that
the Prime Minister had promised to parliament. The seeds
for the civil nuclear agreement were sown when Dr Manmohan
Singh visited Washington last July.
civil nuclear agreement was announced after the Prime Minister
and the visiting President held one to one talks followed
by delegation level talks at the Hyderabad House. A beaming
Dr Singh told a large gathering of newsmen at Hyderabad
House "we are particularly pleased that we have reached
an understanding on the civil nuclear agreement."
said India had "successfully completed" the separation
plan of civil and nuclear programmes and it was for the
US now to reciprocate and get the deal through Congress
and change international laws to allow for the International
Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to come up with "India-specific
the US Congress, President Bush has also assured India that
it would get the deal through with its friends and allies
in the nuclear supplier group (NSG). He paid warm tributes
to Bush for his vision and the role he has played in the
"transformation" of India-US ties. "There
are no limits to Indo-US partnership," Dr Singh said,
as Bush nodded approvingly.
Bush, who called his trip "historic" and "very
successful" said "I am looking forward to working
with the US congress to change their laws that will enable
us to move forward on this important initiative."
to a question why the US should make an exception in the
case of India, a non-signatory to the NPT, and what its
consequences would be for the international nuclear regime,
Mr Bush said: "what this agreement says is that things
change and times change. Some people don't want to change
with time. It's in our interest. India has shown the way
forward," he said.
joint statement issued after the press conference said the
two leaders expressed satisfaction with the "great
progress" both countries have made "in advancing
our strategic partnership to meet the global challenges
of the 21st century".
statement said "the successful transformation of the
US-India relationship will have a decisive and positive
influence on the future international system as it evolves
in the new century."
Indian and American officials, including Indian National
Security Adviser M.K. Narayanan and his American counterpart
Stephen Hadley, met at the Prime Minister's Office till
well past midnight in a bid to iron out remaining differences
over the deal that mainly revolved around international
safeguards and future facilities.
has made it clear that permanent safeguards would be linked
to permanent supplies. In other words, if there were any
disruption in supplies then it would be India's sovereign
right to take corrective measures, informed sources said.
US has also agreed to help India achieve a multi-lateral
regime to ensure uninterrupted supply of nuclear fuel.
India has also made it clear that it would decide on the
status - whether civilian or military - of the future nuclear
facilities. "It is not a matter of debate how it will
be classified," said the sources.
a nuclear agreement, India and the US also made significant
progress in boosting trade and economic ties, space cooperation,
maritime security and an ambitious agricultural initiative
that promises to usher in a second green revolution
Prime Minister said India and the US were working together
increasingly on global issues which was not only good for
the two countries but the entire world. Observing that he
along with Bush reviewed the global situation during the
talks, Mr Singh said both countries have agreed to root
out terrorism of which India has been a major victim.
his remarks, Mr Bush referred to sharing of common values
and said that the two sides would work to combat terrorism,
bring about the rule of law and make the world a safer place
to live. Describing India as one of its largest trading
partners, he emphasised on enhancing of trade between the
two countries and recalled the growing military ties between
them. Mr Bush also thanked the Prime Minister for the aid
given to the US after the hurricane Katrina struck its coast.
The US President said the two countries stood for establishment
of democracy worldwide.
Singh said both the sides reviewed the global situation
during the talks. "Our discussion today make me confident
that there is no limit to the Indo-US partnerships,"
Mr Bush said both the sides had a "lengthy and constructive
dialogue on a wide-range of issues". "India and
America have built a strategic partnership based upon common
values, our two democracies respect religious pluralism
and the rule of law. We seek to foster economic development
through trade and advancing the entrepreneurial spirit in
both countries," he said.
said India and America have faced terrorist attacks on their
soil. "We are sharing information to protect each other.
We have a common desire to enhance the security of our peoples.
We are cooperating on the military front," he added.
India and the United States agree on the "deplorable
state of human rights" in Mynamar and in Nepal "we
agree that Maoists should abandon violence and the King
should reach out to political parties to restore democratic
should be discussions more that just friendly handshakes,"
he said. "Trade and investment ties between India and
the United States are growing, we are partners in expanding
global trade. United States is India's largest trading partner
and India is one of United States' fastest growing export
markets." "Trade is important for people and countries
to develop and overcome poverty," he said.
the Indo-Pak peace process, Bush said India and Pakistan
had an opportunity to work towards lasting peace. "Prime
Minister (Manmohan) Singh and President (Pervez) Musharraf
have shown themselves to be leaders of courage and vision
and I encourage them to continue making progress on all
issues, including Kashmir."
and America are also partners in addressing HIV/AIDS and
pandemic flu. I am confident that the relationship between
India and United States is good for United States of America
and I hope it is good for the people of India," he
to a query on India's bid for a permanent seat in the UN
Security Council, Bush said we support United Nations Security
Council reforms. "While we are interested in different
ways to reform United nations, my concern all along has
been, however, if we only stick to United Nations Security
Council we will miss the opportunity to reform the whole
of United Nations," he said. "We
are open minded and are listening... But we do not want
with the Security Council reforms not to cause other reform
measures go forward," he said.
trip to Pakistan not without risks
DELHI, March 2: President Bush's overnight visit to Pakistan
"is not a risk-free undertaking" but he will not
be deterred by attacks like the suicide bombing that killed
an American diplomat in Karachi, National Security Adviser
Stephen Hadley said Thursday.
will fly to Pakistan late Friday for a day of talks Saturday
in Islamabad with Gen. Pervez Musharraf, the military leader
who took power in a 1999 coup. Bush said his visit was an
important gesture of solidarity with Musharraf in the fight
against terrorism. "After all," Bush said, "he
has had a direct stake in this fight - four times the terrorists
have tried to kill him."
of Bush's arrival, a suicide attacker crashed a car packed
with explosives into a vehicle carrying an American diplomat
near the Karachi consulate, killing four, including the diplomat.
Hadley said there was evidence the diplomat had been targeted.
"It is very troubling," Hadley said. "It's
an indication and a reminder that we're at war."
years ago, terrorism fears prompted then- President Clinton
to take extraordinary security precautions on a trip to Pakistan.
He flew into Islamabad in a small, unmarked plane after making
a last-minute aircraft switch in India. On his arrival, Clinton
rode in a motorcade with many limousines so it was impossible
to tell in which car he was riding.
and killers are not going to prevent me from going to Pakistan,"
Bush said at a news conference with Indian Prime Minister
Manmohan Singh. The White House waited until the beginning
of Bush's trip to disclose he would spend the night in Islamabad.
Hadley said security risks and precautions had been assessed
before Bush's decision to go to Pakistan.
is something that they reassess up to the point where we head
to Pakistan," Hadley said. "And at this point people
are comfortable that the necessary precautions are in place.
But this is not a risk-free undertaking."
arrives; Says India must develop N-power industry
DELHI, March 1: Undertaking his first tour of India, US President
George W. Bush arrived here on Wednesday evening for a three-day
visit during which the two sides will discuss a nuclear cooperation
and ways to further enhance cooperation in several other fields.
who is accompanied by his wife, Laura, and US Secretary of
State Condoleezza Rice, was received at the Palam Technical
Area by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh who kept aside protocol
to welcome the special guest. The Air Force One landed at
a brief welcome ceremony, Bush was escorted to a limousine
and the motorcade headed for Hotel Maurya Sheraton, his home
in India during his stay in India. Gursharan Kaur, the Prime
Minister's wife, Indian Ambassador to the US Ronen Sen, and
US Ambassador to India David C Mulford, were also present
to welcome Bush.
and Bush will hold extensive talks on Thursday at the Hyderabad
House on the 18th July nuclear deal, cooperation in various
other fields like science and technology, space, energy, education
and health. UPA Chairperson Sonia Gandhi and Leader of Opposition
L K Advani will call on Bush after which President APJ Kalam
will host a banquet in his honour on Thursday.
at a surprise stopover in Kabul where he halted briefly en-route
to New Delhi, Bush said that it was in the interest of the
US and in the interest of the countries around the world that
India develops a nuclear power industry.
said that US advocated an international consortium that would
enable countries to develop their nuclear power industries
in safe ways, prevent proliferation as also excessive consumption
of fossil fuels.
said US negotiators were trying to iron out differences with
their Indian interlocutors from aboard Air Force One to wrap
up an agreement for implementation of the landmark nuclear
people are talking to Indians today from the plane about trying
to come to a civilian power agreement," he said at a
press conference in Kabul. The US president stated that it
was a difficult issue for the Indian Government, as for the
American Government, "so, we continue to dialogue and
work and hopefully we can reach an agreement. If not, we will
continue to work on that until we do."
Prime Minister and the visiting President exchanged pleasantries
and posed for photographs when Bush, in a warm gesture, put
his arm over the shoulders of Singh.
Bush and Singh were also seen having some discussion.
introduced to Bush his delegation comprising Union Minister
Kapil Sibal, National Security Adviser M K Narayanan, and
Foreign Secretary Shyam Saran. Bush, in turn, introduced members
of his delegation which included Secretary of State Condoleezza
Rice, National Security Adviser Stephen Hadley.
his five-hour unannounced stopover in Afghanistan, his first
to the country since the Taliban was ousted after the September
11 terrorist attacks, President Bush met with Afghan President
to raise cross-border infiltration with Musharraf
DELHI, March 1: The US President, Mr George Bush, on Tuesday
made it clear that he would bring up the cross border infiltrations
with the Pak President, Gen Pervez Musharraf, during his visit
to Islamabad later this week.
to a question at a press conference in Kabul, where he made
a surprise visit en route to India, Mr Bush said "these
infiltrations are causing harm to friends, allies, and cause
harm to US troops. And that will be a topic of conversation.
It's an ongoing topic of conversation."
Afghan Government says that most of the violence emanates
from Pakistan and hold the neighboure responsible for the
worsening situation in Afghanistan. Suspicion that al-Qaida
and Taliban militants may be using Pakistan as base for launching
terror strikes in Afghanistan has become a source of tension
in relations with Afghanistan. More than two dozen suicide
attacks in recent months have fueled Afghan suspicions.
Iran's nuclear program, the US President said "Iran must
not have a nuclear weapon. The most destabilizing thing that
can happen in this region and in the world is for Iran to
have a -- develop a nuclear weapon. And so the world is speaking
with one voice to the Iranians that it's okay for you to have
a civilian power -- nuclear power operation, but you shall
not have the means, the knowledge to develop a nuclear weapon."
said "we've joined with Russia as part of a diplomatic
effort to solve this problem that says Russia will provide
enriched uranium to its civilian nuclear power plant, and
will collect the uranium after it's been used in the plant."
Bush asserted that "the most destablizing thing that
can happen is for Iran to have a nuclear weapon. And we will
work with friends and allies to convince them not to."
US President also expressed confident that Osama bin Laden
would be captured despite a futile five-year hunt. "I'm
confident he will be brought to justice," Bush said,
standing alongside Afghan President Hamid Karzai outside the
also sought to rally U.S. troops and express solidarity with
Karzai's U.S.-backed government. Bush spent just over four
hours on the ground during his surprise visit at the onset
of a South Asia trip.
pledged that bin Laden, the al-Qaida leader, and other planners
of the Sept. 11, 2001, terror attacks would be caught. "It's
not a matter of if they're captured and brought to justice,
it's when they're brought to justice," Bush said.
was the first presidential visit to Afghanistan since the
United States routed the Taliban and began a thus far fruitless
five-year search for bin laden in the region. Bin Laden is
believed to be hiding out somewhere along the mountainous
Bush held a working lunch with Karzai and other Afghan leaders,
attended a ribbon-cutting ceremony at the U.S. embassy in
Kabul and spoke to U.S. troops at Bagram Air Base. "People
all over the world are watching the experience here in Afghanistan,"
Bush said, praising Karzai as "a friend and an ally."
took power after U.S.-led forces overthrew the Taliban regime.
But Taliban insurgents and al-Qaida militants have been increasing
attacks within Afghanistan in recent months.
director of the Defense Intelligence Agency, Lt. Gen. Michael
D. Maples, told a congressional hearing in Washington on Tuesday
that the insurgency was still growing and posed a greater
threat to Karzai's government "than at any point since
late 2001." Karzai greeted Bush as "our great friend,
our great supporter, a man who helped us liberate."
US inch towards N-deal
DELHI, March 1: Even though India and the US have made considerable
progress on the civilian nuclear deal, there was still a short
distance to go, admitted Mr Shyam Saran, India's Foreign Secretary.
newsmen the the US President, Mr George Bush's visit to India,
Mr Saran said it was a complicated issue. "We need certain
degree of clarity on mutual commitments on the nuclear deal
to make sure that there were no ambiguities that may create
difficulties in the future." The Foreign Secretary said
"if necessary, we will of course continue the negotiations
beyond the forthcoming visit."
Bush arrives here on Wednesday on a three-day visit during which
the two sides are expected to sign several documents to enhance
cooperation in agriculture, biotechnology, science and technology,
energy and other areas.
"We have managed to make considerable progress. We still
have some distance to go. This is a complicated and complex
issue," he said. "Our effort has been not to leave
unfinished business which could create difficulties for us later
on," contended Mr Saran.
we need a certain degree of clarity on our mutual commitments.
We need to make sure there are no ambiguities which may create
difficulties for us in the future," Saran, who has been
India's chief negotiator in the talks with the US on civil nuclear
Bush, the second US President to visit India in six years, will
arrive in the capital on Wednesday evening in the first leg
of South Asia trip that will take him to Pakistan also. The
visiting President will be accorded a ceremonial reception at
the Rashtrapati Bhavan on the morning of March 2 where the President,
Dr A P J Abdul Kalam, and the Prime Minister, Dr Manmohan, will
this, the US President will visit Rajghat to pay his tributes
to the Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi. Dr Singh and Mr
Bush will subsequently hold extensive talks at Hyderabad House.
Among the issues to be covered are the 18th July nuclear deal
that was signed on July 18 last year during the Prime Minister's
visit to the US. The two leaders will then jointly address the
UPA Chairperson, Mrs Sonia Gandhi, and the Leader of Opposition,
Mr L K Advani, will call on the visiting dignitary after which
Dr Kalam will host a banquet in his honour on the same day.
On March 3, Mr Bush will visit Hyderabad and return in the evening
to address a select group of people from the field of politics
and business at Purana Quila, in the backdrop of the scenic
US First Lady, Mrs Laura Bush, will also have a hectic schedule.
She will visit a charity home and a destitute home in Delhi
besides a hospital in Noida.
US ambassador to India, Dr David C Mulford, said the gamut of
cooperation between the two nation had gotten too large to be
held hostage to any one particular issue. The nuclear focus,
Dr Mulford said, is too narrow to capture the full drama of
rapidly warming ties between the two countries.
every sort of area one looks at one sees this mutual interest
and admiration building and that really is the focus of the
relationship that touches every area whether it is science and
technology, space, education, HIV/AIDS, agricultural, investment
flows, energy in all forms not just civilian nuclear, environmental
issues all of these areas are under discussion and constant
advance between the two countries," he said.
meeting of CEOs' forum will also take place during the President's
visit. The US--India CEO Forum was launched during Prime Minister
Manmohan Singh's visit to Washington DC last year.
group unites executives from U.S. giants such as Citigroup,
JP Morgan Chase, Honeywell International and Xerox Corp. with
Indian majors such as the Tata Group, Reliance Industries and
week the panel of 10 executives from each country will publish
a major report on cutting red tape and tariffs. Americans are
likely to recommend reforms of the labor, financial, retail
sectors and seek Indian commitments to improve intellectual
property protection and uphold the sanctity of contracts.
ranks of American firms keen to serve India's rapidly growing
and opening market includes nuclear power equipment suppliers
but also defense contractors, bankers, agribusinesses, telecommunications
firms and even Hollywood.
conducts major cyber security exercise
Feb 11: The US conducted its first major cyber security exercise
by simulating a computer-generated attack on its critical information
systems as part of its preparedness to tackle such incidents
Department of Homeland Security (DHS) announced Friday that
it had conducted the cyber security exercise to examine response,
coordination, and recovery mechanisms to the simulated cyber-attack
event. Called Cyber Storm, the simulation involved some 115
public, private, and international agencies, organisations,
security is critical to protecting our nation's infrastructure
because information systems connect so many aspects of our economy
and society,' said George W. Foresman, the department under
secretary for preparedness. The exercise simulated a sophisticated
cyber attack through a series of scenarios directed against
critical infrastructures such as a utility company, and set
in motion, a national cyber incident response.
National Cyber Security Division (NCSD), a part of the department's
new Preparedness Directorate, provides the federal government
with a centralised cyber security coordination and preparedness
Lo at Circuit City, Hicksville, NY
YORK, Jan 28: The huge Circuit City store in Hicksville, Long
Island, in New York is overpowering with its wide variety of
goods and fine display. It is a happy place as courteous, helpful
and ever smiling staff willingly greets and welcomes the customers.
doubt, the Hicksville store generated $ 30 million sales last
year and was ranked Number Four for sales and customer service
among all the 868 Circuit City stores in the US.
man behind this achievement is Nagpur-born A J Joshi and reminds
one of yet another success story of an Indian in this amazing
country. However, AJ (Amit) Joshi, the Store Manager, humbly
says "it's all team work."
his four years as Store Manager at the Hicksville store, the
place has become a celebrity shop where likes of Jennifer Lopez,
Mark Anthony and Billy Joel come for shopping.
to the delight of staff Jennifer Lopez came for her Holiday
Season shopping at the shop. During her four hours shopping
at the store, AJ and his associates provided her the service.
asked how he found J Lo, Store Manager AJ said: "She is
unassuming, down to earth and quiet person. Jennifer Lopez and
her husband, Mark Anthony, believe in family values and the
two make a wonderful couple."
striking feature at the store is playing of non-stop video clip
of J Lo's Puerto Rico concert on 30-odd Televisions and a huge
screen in the store. The running of this video clip is a strategic
decision of the Manager. Her DVDs sell like hot cake.
Lo's striking performance in the concert catches eyes of almost
all customers. Besides being a great attraction it motivates
people to buy TVs, admitted Sunny and Parminder, beautiful couple
from Syosset, a town in Long Island.
who has been working with Circuit City for the last 13 years,
is Lopez fan too. And his meeting with her was like a dream
come true. Lopez thanked the manager for running her video clip
for the last one and half years.
manager A J Joshi, who is married to Mona and have two kids
- Ashish and Ishika, is happy for achieving the sales targets.
However, his advise to customers: Do not wait for the last day
for shopping as they could get disappointed for lack of inventory.
His store not only beats prices of other stores but also gives
price guarantee of 30 days.
will rally the world on Iran: Bush
Feb 1: US President George W Bush has said that America will
rally the world to prevent Iran from developing nuclear weapons.
"The Iranian government is defying the world with its nuclear
ambitions and the nations of the world must not permit the Iranian
regime to gain nuclear weapons," he said while delivering
the State of the Union address late on Tuesday before a joint
session of Congress.
said "America will continue to rally the world to confront
these threats." He accused Iran's government of supporting
terrorism in the Palestinian territories and in Lebanon. But
he said US policies are not aimed at hurting ordinary Iranians
and that he supports their effort to "win your own freedom".
is "a nation now held hostage by a small clerical elite
that is isolating and repressing its people," Bush said.
The United States has joined the European Union in moving to
have Iran hauled before the UN Security Council for its nuclear
and EU diplomats are urging the International Atomic Energy
Agency's (IAEA) governing board to make that decision at a meeting
starting on Thursday. The Bush administration accuses Iran of
using a nuclear energy programme as a cover for developing atomic
weapons. Iran says the programme is purely for producing electricity.
US to review nuke pact during Bush's visit: PM
DELHI, Feb 1: The Indian Prime Minister, Dr Manmohan Singh,
has said that India and the US will review various bilateral
initiatives, including the agreement on civilian nuclear cooperation,
during President George W Bush's upcoming visit in March.
will be a time for us to review the status of our relations
with the US. Some initiatives were taken with regard to cooperation
in civilian nuclear power, agriculture and science and technology
between the two countries. It will a time for us to review where
we stand," Singh said while addressing a press conference.
whether the US President would address a joint session of Parliament
as his predecessor Bill Clinton had done, the Prime Minister
said that the President's tour schedule had not yet been finalised.
US have entered new era of relations: Mulford
DELHI, Feb1: US Ambassador David C Mulford, who is at the centre
of a controversy over his remarks on the nuclear deal with India,said
Washington and New Delhi had "entered a new era" of
relationship and defence cooperation between them would help
improve regional and global security and stability.
the American exhibits at the Defence Expo-2006, he described
the defence ties between India and the US as a strategic partnership.
"The US and India have entered a new era," Mulford
noted that there was growing cooperation between the US and
India on security and a wide range of issues. "Our defence
cooperation enhances both of our nations' capabilities and will
help to improve regional and global security and stability,"
the Ambassador said.
was at the centre of a controversy after his remarks in an interview
to a news-agency that the Indo-US nuclear deal, signed on 18th
July last year, could "die" in the American Congress
if New Delhi did not oppose Iran's nuclear programme.
many as 22 major US companies are participating in the -- DEFEXPO
-- reflecting the growing interest of the US industry in the
Indian defence market. The
US Army is also participating in the exposition for the first
time and has set up a Technology Booth. This makes it one of
the five international shows to witness the participation of
calls Hillary Clinton 'Formidable'
Jan 28: US President George Bush said Friday that Senator Hillary
Clinton, a potential candidate for the Democratic presidential
nomination, is "formidable," but he declined to speculate
on which Republicans might run for the White House in 2008.
is an unusual year because this is the first time there hasn't
been a kind of natural successor in the party," Bush said
in an interview with "CBS Evening News." "Two
wide-open primaries with no sitting vice president running in
either primary, so this is - I can't remember a time when it's
been this open."
a wide-ranging interview at the White House, Bush also took
a hard-line stance against the Hamas party, which swept Palestinian
elections on Wednesday. He said he'd emphasize the development
of alternative fuels in his State of the Union address on Tuesday
and shared his views on presidential powers.
foreign issues, Bush said the United States would cut aid to
the Palestinian government unless Hamas abolishes the militant
arm of its party and stops calling for the destruction of Israel.
"If they don't, we won't deal with them," Bush told
CBS anchor Bob Schieffer. "The aid packages won't go forward.
That's their decision to make, but we won't be providing help
to a government that wants to destroy our ally and friend."
declined to predict whether the United States would still have
large numbers of troops in Iraq when his successor takes office
in 2009 but discussed the mistreatment of Iraqi prisoners at
the Abu Graib prison.
were disgraced," he said. "I know it caused a lot
of people that want to like us to question whether they should,
and equally important it gave the enemy an incredible propaganda
tool - no question," Bush said.
defended his order permitting the National Security Agency to
listen in on phone calls and read e-mails of Americans suspected
of communicating with terrorists. Critics claim the program
violates civil liberties and say the government is circumventing
the 1978 Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act. "I have
looked at this program from all angles, and my dilemma and my
problem is I can't explain to you how it works in order to justify
your question without telling the enemy what we are doing,"
if he thinks there is anything a president cannot do if he considers
it necessary in an emergency, Bush said he thought there were
"clear red lines" a president cannot cross. "I
don't think a president can ... order torture, for example,"
Bush said about his presidential powers under the Constitution.
"I don't think a president can order the assassination
of a leader of another country with which we're not at war."
a personal note, Bush said that after he leaves office, he may
be interested in setting up a think tank where young scholars
could write and think about freedom and liberty. He also said
he didn't think he'd have become president had he not married
his partner of 28 years, Laura Bush.
close to nuclear deal with India, official says
Jan 28: The United States is close to reaching a nuclear cooperation
deal with India and may clinch it before President George W.
Bush visits there in March, a senior U.S. official said on Friday.
and Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh agreed last July on
an accord on civil nuclear energy that would reverse a nearly
30-year-old ban on atomic cooperation with New Delhi, which
has tested nuclear weapons.
details of that accord still have to be negotiated, including
a plan to separate India's civil and military nuclear facilities.
The deal also has to be accepted by the 44-nation Nuclear Suppliers
Group and the U.S. Congress.
Undersecretary of State Nicholas Burns, who visited India last
week to negotiate details of the agreement, told reporters he
was confident a deal would be reached soon.
"I think we have made a lot of progress over the last six
months. I was not discouraged by my talks in Delhi last week,"
Burns told reporters. "That (a deal) might happen before
the president's visit."
further, he said: "It is my assessment, and I have been
the one negotiating this for six months, that we are very close
to an agreement."
an interview, U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice said
the two sides were making progress but India had to make some
"difficult choices" for the final agreement to be
reached. She declined to give specifics.
also said there needed to more progress on a few issues, which
remained confidential. "I don't believe they are insuperable."
A related issue is whether India will vote with the United States
when the International Atomic Energy Agency board of governors
debates Iran's nuclear program at a Feb. 2 meeting. Washington
and major European powers say Iran is developing a bomb and
want the case referred to the U.N. Security Council for possible
sanctions. Tehran argues its nuclear plan is for peaceful, energy
The U.S. ambassador to India, David Mulford, said this week
if India did not back the U.S. position, the nuclear agreement
could be in trouble. The remark upset New Delhi which rejected
attempts to link the vote to the India-U.S. nuclear cooperation
whether the United States believed it had India's support at
the IAEA, Burns said New Delhi would make its decisions based
on its own national interests.
Last September, India supported the United States at the IAEA
in a vote that declared Iran had failed to comply with its international
dubs Mulford's comment as 'inappropriate'
DELHI, Jan 27: As Ambassador David C Mulford's comments on Indo-US
nuclear deal kicked off a furore, India summoned the envoy and
conveyed its strong displeasure, saying the remarks were "inappropriate"
and "not conducive to building a strong partnership"
between the two countries.
sharp reaction prompted the Bush administration to launch a
damage control exercise, with the State Department in Washington
explaining that the envoy was only reflecting "very strongly-held
feelings" in the Congress and that Washington would continue
to engage New Delhi in the 18th July nuclear deal talks irrespective
of its position on Iran.
In a statement in New Delhi, External Affairs Ministry spokesman
informed that Mulford was summoned by Foreign Secretary Shyam
Saran who bluntly stated that the remarks made by him in an
interview "were inappropriate and not conducive to building
a strong partnership between our two independent democracies".
action came after Mulford, in an interview on Wednesday, said
if New Delhi did not vote against Tehran's nuclear programme at
the 2nd February IAEA meeting, the fallout on the Indo-US nuclear
deal in the US Congress would be "devastating" and the
Indo-US nuclear initiative will "die" in the House.
expressed his "sincere regrets", saying his remarks
had been taken "out of context" and that "it was
not his intention to question India's right to take decisions
on various issues on the basis of its own national interest",
the statement said.
The MEA statement held that Saran categorically told Mulford that
India's vote on any possible resolution on the Iran nuclear issue
at the IAEA would be determined by India's own judgement of the
merits of the case.
Talking to newsmen in Washington, State Department Spokesman Sean
McCormack said that what the Ambassador was doing was talking
about and reflecting the view on Capitol Hill, where there are
very strongly-held feelings about Iran and the need for the international
community to act decisively and firmly and with a single voice
concerning Iran's pursuit of a nuclear weapon.
the three separate branches of government in the US, Mulford was
"expressing an opinion" about how Congress might react,
the State Department spokesman said. He
stated that US dealt with the Indian government on these two issues
as separate issues, adding "ultimately how India votes on
this matter (on Iran) is going to be a decision for the Indian
government. They voted to find Iran in non-compliance that last
to visit India, Pak in March
Jan 25: US President George W Bush has expressed his desire to visit India and
Pakistan in March during his "wide ranging discussion" with visiting
Pakistani Prime Minister Shaukat Aziz here.
really looking forward to going to your country. I'll be traveling to India and
Pakistan in March. And I want to thank you for your invitation and your hospitality
in advance," Bush told Aziz in front of reporters at the White House on Tuesday.
The announcement was expected, as the President has made no secret of his desire
to go to the region.
the President to his country, Aziz said, "We think that this is an important
visit for building our relations further between our two countries and serving
the cause of peace in the world."
Bush's trip to the subcontinent is in the planning stages and the White House
is not likely to release the dates or the itinerary for some time. Official sources
said President Bush will have a full agenda for his talks, starting with the war
praising Pakistan as a close ally in fighting terrorism, President Bush said the
two countries were united in fighting terrorism. However, the two leaders did
not directly comment on a recent US air strike in Pakistan that caused uproar.
"I think the relationship with Pakistan is a vital relationship for the United
States," Bush said. "We're working closely to defeat the terrorists
who would like to harm America and harm Pakistan."
US air strike on January 13 targeted Ayman al-Zawahri, deputy to al Qaeda leader
Osama bin Laden, in the remote Bajaur tribal region along the border with Afghanistan,
according to American officials. Pakistani intelligence officials say Zawahri
was not there at the time of the strike, but that at least four al Qaeda figures,
including a bomb expert, were killed.
attack prompted Pakistan to lodge a formal protest with Washington and sparked
anti-US demonstrations in several Pakistan cities and towns.
Bush has not
publicly commented on the air attack, but Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf
has said Washington assured Islamabad it would not act against Pakistan's interests.
and Aziz showed no signs of acrimony and affirmed the two countries' close relationship
in trying to combat terrorism. "Terrorism knows no borders," Aziz said.
"So our coalition with the United States in fighting terrorism is very important
to the entire world and all of civil society. We discussed the war against terror
and the need for closer communication and coordination to take this effort forward,"
he told newsmen.
officials believe bin Laden and Zawahri are hiding along the rugged border region
of Afghanistan and Pakistan.
and Aziz said they discussed trade, nuclear energy, defense cooperation and the
response to the October 8 earthquake in Pakistan that killed about 74,000 people
and left about 4 million homeless. "A sense of caring and sharing always
builds a better relationship between countries and that's what we are seeing between
Pakistan and the United States," said Aziz.
the meeting, in which the two did not take questions from reporters, White House
spokesman Scott McClellan said that during discussions at the Oval Office and
the residence, the two leaders concentrated on ongoing efforts to defeat Al Qaeda
and prevent future attacks in both countries. McClellan added that Pakistan is
a "valued ally" but suggested that the United States will not slow its
pursuit of terrorists.
president has made it clear we're going to pursue terrorists wherever they are
- wherever they are. There is no negotiation with terrorists. These are people
that are determined to harm innocent civilians in Pakistan, in America and in
countries around the civilized world. And the way to defeat them is to take the
fight to them and prevent them from carrying out the attacks in the first place,"
deal will make India a nuclear power: Kerry
DELHI, Jan 12: Influential American Senator and former Democrat Presidential candidate
John Kerry on Thursday voiced support for the Indo-US deal. According to Kerry,
implementation of the Indo-US deal on civilian nuclear cooperation will mean grant
of nuclear power status to India.
told a press conference here that the deal, with "enormous benefits"
bilaterally, cannot be seen only in the context of Indo-US relations but had implications
at the global level. Kerry, a member of the US Senate's Foreign Relations Committee,
said Prime Minister Manmohan Singh had told him during their meeting in New Delhi
on Wednesday that India would sign the Fissile Material Control Treaty (FMCT).
will be disingenuous to suggest that if the (Indo-US) agreement (on civilian nuclear
cooperation) comes through, it will not grant nuclear power status to India. Obviously,
it does," he said
presses UN to confront defiant Iran
Jan 12: US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, coordinating with European allies,
called on the United Nations Thursday to confront Iran's "defiance"
and demand that Tehran halt its nuclear program.
Rice, at a news conference, declined to say whether the United States has the
necessary votes at the U.N. Security Council to punish Iran - or would even try
at this stage. But she said impatience with Iran was growing and that Tehran was
out of step with advances in democracy in the region. And she repeated that she
believes there are enough votes for the International
Atomic Energy Agency, the U.N. agency that monitors nuclear activity, to refer
the issue to the Security Council.
don't think it serves anybody's purpose to have a nuclear-armed Iran," Rice
said. Rejecting Iran's claims that its nuclear program was not designed to produce
waapons, Rice said, "I don't think anybody believes Iran's protestations
that this is a peaceful program."
coordination with the European allies, Rice did not spell out specific measures
against Iran that the Bush administration might endorse or propose. But she said
she was "gravely concerned" about Iran's secret operations and "its
dangerous defiance of the entire international community."
to look hard at how a strong message is sent," Rice said.
Britain, France and Germany agreed the dispute should be referred to the Security
Council by the International Atomic Energy Agency. But it has remained unclear
whether China or Russia might use their veto powers to thwart Security Council
action, or whether there are enough votes at the council for it to impose sanctions
of some sort.
are not yet ready to talk about specific measures" to take against Iran,
Rice said. She said she hoped Tehran would take note of the unity around the world
and act on the program. Rice cited Russia's unhappiness with Iran as an example.
"It is very clear that everyone believes a very important threshold has been
cleared," she said.
a minimum, the Bush administration wants Iran to resume negotiations with the
European Union. Undersecretary of State Nicholas Burns will go to London next
week to coordinate strategy with the allies and Undersecretary of State Robert
Joseph will travel to Vienna, the headquarters of the U.N. monitoring agency,
Rice said. Chinese and Russian diplomats are also expected to attend as well,
said a senior U.S. official who was not authorized to make a formal announcement.
European Union, meanwhile, will send its seniort diplomat, Javier Solana, to Washington
for consultations. The Security Council could try to punish Iran with economic
or political sanctions on the grounds it is proceeding secretly to develop nuclear
weapons. However, that move could be blocked by a veto, a power that China and
Russia share with the United States, Britain and France.
president, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, has vowed to press ahead with a nuclear program
that Iran says is designed to produce civilian energy.
"This is really
an Iranian regime that is digging into isolation," Rice said. "The Iranian
people frankly deserve better."
appointed advisor to New York Governor
YORK, Jan 7: In an effort to strengthen trade and business ties between India
and New York, the Governor of the US state has appointed Indian-American businessman
and community leader, Andy Keshav Shenoy, as his special adviser for South Asian
is the first Indian-American to hold such a high-ranking position in the state
administration and it shows the growing influence of the community in the political
life of the United States.
York Governor George Pataki is expected to visit India sometime in February or
March, and Shenoy said the Governor is expected to have high-level meetings in
New Delhi, Mumbai and Bangalore to discuss the strengthening of ties and seek
investments in New York. Thanking Pataki for encouraging the Indian-American community,
Shenoy pledged to do his best to forge closer ties between India and the New York
who immigrated to the United States in 1990 from Mumbai, is a major player in
diamonds and diamond jewellery, and has been politically active for about two
decades. He is also the president of Indo-American Promotion, a non-profit group
seeking strengthening of economic ties between India and New York
Secy upbeat on US N-pact, Bush visit
Dec 23: India and the US have made "significant progress" in realising the goal
of civilian nuclear energy cooperation with New Delhi unveiling a credible separation
plan of its civilian and military nuclear facilities.
The crucial separation plan was unveiled for the first time by visiting Foreign
Secretary Shyam Saran during his discussions with his counterpart, Undersecretary
of State for Political Affairs Nicholas Burns on Thursday.
The plan, which reportedly seeks to place a large number of India's civilian nuclear
facilities under international safeguards, received a positive response from top
US officials, including US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, according to official
Mr Saran had a hectic schedule in Washington with his meetings spread over at
the Departments of State, Defence, Commerce, Energy and Capitol Hill.
The Foreign Secretary told newsmen at the conclusion of his two-day visit that
"significant progress" was achieved in developing a mutual understanding of the
steps needed to advance the early implementation of the agreement" with the joint
working group on civilian nuclear energy now scheduled to hold its next meeting
in New Delhi in January 2006.
During the Joint Working Group meeting, Mr Saran said the two sides shared ideas
"about the processes which flow from the commitments in their own countries and
with the relations shared with international partners".
He said that he was encouraged by the environment with respect to the implementation
of the July 18 agreement between President George Bush and Prime Minister Manmohan
came to the conclusion that we should be in a position to make a significant advance
on this initiative before President Bush visits India," the Foreign Secretary
President Bush is due in India in the early part of 2006. "It was conveyed to
me that President Bush and the First Lady are very much looking forward to the
forthcoming visit to India," he said.
in turn assured the Secretary of State, the National Security Advisor and my interlocutor
at the State Department, Nicholas Burns that a very warm welcome awaits President
Bush in India and that we would like this visit not only to be a demonstration
of the transformation which has taken place in India-US relations during the past
year but would also have a lot of substance in that relationship."
Mr Saran, who also met the powerful Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee,
Senator Richard Lugar on Friday morning maintained that he could sense a positive
and an encouraging environment on Capitol Hill.
had a very important meeting with Senator Lugar. It was an extremely positive
meeting and from my point a very encouraging meeting and I have every reason to
believe that there is in fact a very encouraging environment for... Seeing this
agreement," Saran remarked.
The Foreign Secretary was also asked to comment on a perception in this town that
the Bush administration at this particular time did not have the "political muscle"
to push the agreement through on Capitol Hill.
the meeting that I had with the Secretary of State and other interlocutors in
Washington, it was put across to me that there is very strong commitment on the
part of the US administration to the India-US partnership", he added.
Asked whether Bush's visit to India could still be considered "historic" or "landmark"
without a deal secured on civilian nuclear cooperation, Mr Saran maintained that
it was not fair to peg bilateral relations on any one single issue.
relationship is very wide-ranging," Saran replied going to list not only the depth
and width of bilateral understandings but also what the two countries are doing
on a range of global issues and challenges such as HIV/AIDS, global terrorism
and the UN Fund for Democracy.
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